Integrated circuit features
An integrated circuit, or microcircuit, microchip, or chip, is a way of miniaturizing a circuit (mainly including a semiconductor device, including passive components, etc.) in electronics, and is usually manufactured in On the surface of the semiconductor wafer.
The aforementioned integrated circuit in which the circuit is fabricated on the surface of the semiconductor chip is also referred to as a thin-film integrated circuit. Another thick-film hybrid integrated circuit is a miniaturized circuit composed of an independent semiconductor device and a passive component integrated into a substrate or a wiring board.
The thin-film integrated circuit has the advantages of small size, light weight, less lead wires and solder joints, long life, high reliability, good performance, etc., and low cost, and is convenient for mass production. It is widely used not only in industrial and civil electronic equipment such as tape recorders, televisions, computers, etc., but also in military, communication, remote control and other aspects. The use of integrated circuits to assemble electronic devices has an assembly density that can be increased by several tens to several thousand times compared to transistors, and the stable operating time of the device can be greatly improved.